Building a pergola is easy - if you have certain woodworking skills. If you are unsure about how to proceed with the pergola construction, then get a professional - or at least a friend with good DIY skills.
Providing you can mark out and cut a straight line - then there should be no problems in building your pergola. Take your time, study the images and other information that we have on how to build a pergola, and if in doubt - Stop!
The images and details on this page are for building a general rectangular pergola.On the left hand side, you will see most of the details which are required when building your pergola. 45deg bracing struts are screwed into the upright posts and also to a well-fastened cross rafter.
The picture below is of a typical corner section of a timber garden pergola building.
The rafter is 'notched' to add stability - and for visual effect. The upright pergola post is also notched at the top, to allow the pergola main support beam to sit in, and basically help support your pergola as you build it. Small 'in the know' details are useful when building your pergola.
Ends of beam and pergola rafters have been shaped with a good heavy duty Jig-saw. (A variety of shapes can be cut out - save the cut off piece as a marking template for any other bearer or pergola rafters.
This section gives a better idea of the 'in-line bracing that is required when building a pergola, to prevent any instability along the length of the pergola.
Again the support posts are notched at the top. By using 100x100mm upright posts, and 50mm thick bearers, the notch can be cut halfway through the post.
Notice that the notching allows for the pergola support beam to protrude above the upright post. This allows you to slide the pergola cross rafters along without snagging on the post!
It is therefore possible to have one of the rafters - sat on top of the bearer joist over the top of the post. This would otherwise be impractical.
It is important that the angled support struts are firmly screwed into the uprights and also the main pergola support beam. Pre-drilled holes through the angled struts are essential to avoid splitting and weakening of the timber at this point.
A detail of the post fastening through to the main support beam of the pergola. If you use normal coach bolts when building your pergola, then push them though from the inside of the pergola to the outside - this will have a better visual effect, as the nuts and 'spare' thread are on the outside of the pergola.
Learn - all aspects of lawn maintenance, how to build and maintain a pond, care and grow vegetables and fruit, fit for your table.
Identify Weeds in The Garden - How to deal with weeds. Diseases and Pest which harm your garden and plants, learn how to prevent, deter and erradicate your garden problems.
Pruning Guide. Shrubs flower better with correct pruning. Many illustrations and examples of what to do - and when. Includes evergreens, roses, flowering shrubs, spring flowering shrubs and pruning for stem effect. This is our most viewed and comprehensive section,Pruning
Gardening Businesses listed in the UK counties and USA states. County and State Listings of businesses involved in Garden supplies and services. If you wish to be added to the Directory, please send us your information. Having problems, use the search boxBusinesses
In this section you will learn about Gardening Basics, Containers, Landscaping, Propagation and Soil.
Our top Viewed Pages