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Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig

Fiddle leaf Plant for Indoors

The Plant: The Fiddle-leaf Fig has the largest leaves of all the fig trees. The leaves initially emerge as a pale green but then mature to a leathery dark green with pale veining.

This Ficus which is more commonly known as Fiddle Leaf Plant, was once known as Banjo leaf plant. You will soon see that the foliage does in fact more resemble the body of a banjo than that of violin or fiddle! It is one of the Fig group rather than the rubber plant types though still a Ficus.

The large leathery leaves on a well-grown specimen can reach 18in (45cm long. They are evergreen in normal, circumstances and any significant leaf fall will herald a problem within the plant or where you are trying to grow it.

It is normally seen as a single stem plant when grown as an indoor plant, but in the open it is a well-branched tree of some 25 metres (80ft) tall; a splendid sight in its native tropical African habitat.

Grown naturally, it will also produce small figs no need to wait or hope indoors. It will require a mature tree for fruiting, and in any event the figs are not known to be edible.

Care of Ficus lyrata

Its needs: Good light, even some morning sun allowed. It is best potted in a mixture of enriched potting soil with plenty of compost, leaf mould and sand to ensure adequate drainage. Warmth and humidity are essential for long life.

Care: The huge leaves of Ficus lyrata should be drench mist-sprayed regularly in hot weather. Thoroughly drench the pot or container every 10 days in the growing season, (this can be done by placing the pot in a washing up bowl filled with water and leaving pot in it for an hour). Trim back all growing tips regularly to maintain neat appearance.

Good for: This Ficus grows into a very large plant if not kept in check, and can easily dominate a room. Do not be tempted to plant it outside in the ground as, like most ficus varieties, it can grow into a very large tree with a very disruptive root system.

Problems with Ficus lyrata

Invasive root system which will soon outgrow any pot.

Watch for scale pest, mealy bug, and red spider mite. The main veins on the underside of the leaves are the main hiding place for scale and mealy bug, but scale will also be happy and harder to see on the main stem and any branches.

Propagation of Fiddle Leaf Fig.

For propagation, it is best to layer a few of the stems or even the top of the main stem. The leaves are generally too big to make growing from cutting a feasible option.

A Complete Guide to Planting, Pruning, Growing and Caring for a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig


The Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is a stunning addition to any home or office. This hardy, low-maintenance plant is known for its large, glossy, fiddle-shaped leaves. It's easy to see why this plant is so popular - its striking foliage and unique shape make it a great centerpiece for any room. If you're looking for a plant that will bring life and style to your home or office, the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is a great choice. With just a few simple steps, you can have a thriving Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig in no time. This guide will provide all the information you need to get started, from planting and pruning to growing and caring for your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig.

Assessing Your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig Location

When it comes to choosing the perfect spot for your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig, there are a few key things to consider. First and foremost, you want to make sure your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is placed in a location that receives plenty of bright, indirect sunlight. This means that the spot should be well-lit, but not in direct sunlight, as this can cause the leaves to burn.

Additionally, you'll want to make sure the area is away from any drafts or air vents that can cause the leaves to dry out.

Finally, be sure to choose a spot with enough space for your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig to grow, as it can reach heights of up to 8 feet. With these few considerations in mind, you'll be sure to find the perfect spot for your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig!

Preparing the Soil for Planting

Preparing the soil for planting your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is a crucial step in ensuring the health of your plant. To begin, you'll need to ensure that you have a pot with a drainage hole and a good quality, well-draining potting soil. The potting soil should be rich in organic matter and should have a pH of 6.0-6.5. You'll also want to add a slow-release fertilizer to the soil to ensure that your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig has the nutrition it needs to grow and thrive.

Once you've added the soil and fertilizer, you can then place your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig in the pot. Make sure to fill the pot with soil so that the root ball is covered, but not too deeply. This will allow the roots to spread and grow without becoming waterlogged.

Finally, water your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig thoroughly and your soil is now ready for planting.

Ficus lyrata: A Comprehensive Guide to Propagation


Ficus lyrata, commonly known as the Fiddle-leaf Fig, is a species of flowering plant within the mulberry and fig family, Moraceae. It's native to the lowland tropical rainforests of western Africa, from Cameroon west to Sierra Leone.

The plant gets its common name from its large, dark green leaves that resemble the shape of a violin or fiddle. These leaves can grow up to 12 inches wide and 30 inches long. The Fiddle-leaf Fig is a banyan fig, meaning it typically starts life high in the branches of another tree, then sends roots down to the ground.

Propagation Techniques Seeds

Propagation from seeds is not commonly used for Ficus lyrata, mainly because the seeds are not readily available and the germination process requires very specific conditions mimicking its natural habitat.


Cutting is the most common method of propagation for Ficus lyrata. This involves taking a small section of stem with a leaf attached, placing it in water until roots develop, and then transferring it to soil. Here are the steps:

  1. Choose a healthy branch and cut a section about 6 to 10 inches long, just below a leaf node.
  2. Remove the bottom leaf or leaves, leaving only the top two or three.
  3. Place the cutting in a jar filled with room-temperature water, making sure the cut end is submerged but the remaining leaves are not.
  4. Keep the jar in a warm place with indirect light and change the water once a week.
  5. Once the roots have grown to about an inch long, you can transfer the cutting to soil.
Air Layering

Air layering is another method for propagating Ficus lyrata, particularly for larger branches that wouldn't do well with the cutting method. It involves creating a wound on the branch, encouraging it to grow roots before it's cut off the parent plant.

Required Conditions

Ficus lyrata prefers a fast-draining potting mix, like those specifically designed for cacti and succulents. It thrives in bright, indirect light but can tolerate some direct morning or late afternoon sun. The soil should be kept consistently moist, but never soggy.

For nutrients, a balanced, water-soluble houseplant fertilizer applied every month during the growing season (spring and summer) will suffice.

Potential Issues

Ficus lyrata is generally a hardy plant, but it is susceptible to common houseplant pests like mealybugs, spider mites, and aphids. Regularly inspect your plant for signs of these pests and treat immediately with an insecticidal soap or neem oil.

Overwatering is a common issue, which can lead to root rot. If the leaves start to turn yellow or drop, you may be watering too much. On the other hand, if the leaves start to brown and curl, the plant may need more water.

In conclusion, propagating Ficus lyrata can be a rewarding endeavor. With the right care and attention, these plants can become a beautiful addition to your indoor garden.

Identifying the Right Time to Plant

When is the right time to plant a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig? The answer is simple—as soon as possible! Planting a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig in the right season can ensure its healthy growth and proper development. Planting in the spring or summer months will give your Fiddle-leaf Fig the best chance to thrive. During these seasons, the soil is warm and the air is humid, making it the ideal environment for your new Fiddle-leaf Fig.

When planting your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig, make sure to select a pot with good drainage and fill it with quality soil. Select a spot in your home with bright, indirect light, and water your Fiddle-leaf Fig regularly, but not too much. Following these steps will ensure your Fiddle-leaf Fig is planted in the ideal conditions for optimal growth.

Primary Steps Involved in Planting

Planting a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is a satisfying experience that will bring life and beauty to your home. To get started, you'll need to acquire a healthy, full-sized Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig that is well-suited for your home. Once you've got your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig, you're ready to begin the planting process.

The primary steps involved in planting your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig are selecting the right pot, preparing the soil, and planting the tree. Selecting the right pot is essential to ensure your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig will have the necessary space and drainage it needs to thrive. You'll want to use a pot with drainage holes and a saucer to collect excess water. Preparing the soil is also key - you'll want to use a potting soil that is well-draining and has plenty of organic matter. Finally, you'll need to plant your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig carefully, making sure to fill in the soil around the roots and water it well. With these three primary steps, you'll be on your way to a beautiful, healthy Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig.

Necessary Nutritional Requirements

The Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is an attractive, tropical houseplant that requires a few essential nutritional requirements for healthy growth and development. This plant needs a balanced diet of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to thrive. It is important to provide the plant with a high-quality, well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil should also be supplemented with a slow-release fertilizer to provide essential nutrients for the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig.

Additionally, it is important to monitor the soil for signs of nutrient deficiencies and address them as soon as possible. If the soil is too dry or too wet, it can cause the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig to suffer from root rot or other diseases. To ensure optimal health, it is important to provide the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig with the necessary nutritional requirements.

Pruning and Fertilizing for a Thriving Plant

Pruning and fertilizing are essential components of maintaining a thriving Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig. Pruning is an important step to ensure the plant stays healthy and grows in a balanced way. Pruning should be done in the spring and summer months, with the goal of removing any dead or damaged branches and leaves. This will help the plant focus its energy on growing new, healthy foliage.

Additionally, it is important to fertilize the Fiddle-leaf Fig once a month during the growing season. Use a balanced fertilizer with an equal ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. This will ensure the plant has the necessary nutrients to stay healthy and continue to grow. With regular pruning and fertilizing, your Fiddle-leaf Fig will be sure to thrive!

How to Properly Water a Ficus lyrata

Watering a Ficus lyrata, commonly known as the Fiddle-leaf Fig, is an important part of keeping your plant healthy. Proper watering techniques can help your Ficus lyrata thrive and make sure it stays healthy for years to come.

When it comes to watering your Ficus lyrata, the best way is to water it deeply and infrequently. This means that you should water the soil until it is completely saturated and then allow the soil to dry out completely before watering it again. This will help encourage the roots to grow deeper and stronger, and will also help your Ficus lyrata stay healthy. Additionally, you should make sure to avoid over-watering your Ficus lyrata, as this can cause root rot and other problems.

By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your Ficus lyrata stays healthy and grows strong for years to come.

Comprehensive Guide to Pests and Diseases Affecting Ficus Lyrata (Fiddle-leaf Fig)


Ficus lyrata, or the Fiddle-leaf Fig, is a popular indoor plant known for its broad, violin-shaped leaves. The plant is native to tropical rainforests of West Africa, making it accustomed to warm, humid environments.

Fiddle-leaf Fig prefers bright, indirect light and a consistent watering schedule that allows the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. It's important to avoid overwatering as it can lead to root rot.

Common Pests

  • Spider Mites

    Spider mites are tiny pests that suck the sap from the leaves, causing them to turn yellow or brown and eventually fall off. You may notice webbing on the plant or tiny specks moving on the undersides of the leaves. To control spider mites, rinse the plant with a strong jet of water and apply an insecticidal soap or neem oil.
  • Aphids

    Aphids are small, soft-bodied insects that feed on plant sap, leading to curled, yellowed, or stunted leaves. They excrete a sticky substance called honeydew which can lead to sooty mold. Use insecticidal soap or neem oil to treat aphid infestations.
  • Mealybugs

    Mealybugs are small, white, cottony pests that suck the sap from plants, causing leaves to yellow and drop. If you notice a cotton-like substance on your Fiddle-leaf Fig, you likely have a mealybug infestation. Treat by wiping the plant with alcohol-soaked cotton swabs and applying insecticidal soap.

Common Diseases

  • Root Rot

    Root rot is a common disease often caused by overwatering. Symptoms include yellow, wilting leaves and a musty smell. To treat, reduce watering, improve drainage, and consider repotting the plant in fresh, well-draining soil.
  • Leaf Spot Disease

    Leaf spot diseases result in dark brown or black spots on the leaves, often surrounded by a yellow halo. These are caused by various fungi or bacteria and can be managed by removing affected leaves, avoiding water on the foliage, and applying a suitable fungicide.
  • Powdery Mildew

    Powdery mildew presents as a white powdery substance on the leaf surface. This fungal disease thrives in high humidity and can be managed by reducing humidity around the plant and using a suitable fungicide.

Prevention and Care

To prevent pest and disease issues, provide your Fiddle-leaf Fig with the right growing conditions: bright, indirect light, well-draining soil, and a careful watering routine. Regularly inspect your plant for early signs of pests and diseases.

Prune away any diseased or dead leaves to maintain plant health. Avoid overcrowding of plants, which can create a humid environment conducive to disease.

With good care and attention, your Fiddle-leaf Fig can thrive, providing a stunning green addition to your indoor space.

Tips for Caring for a Ficus lyrata

The Ficus lyrata, or Fiddle-leaf Fig, is a popular houseplant that can bring a lush, tropical feel to any room. It is a slow-growing plant that can reach heights of up to 6 feet, with large, glossy leaves that can reach up to 12 inches in length. With proper care and maintenance, these plants can thrive for years and become a beautiful addition to any home.

When caring for a Ficus lyrata, it is important to provide the right amount of light and water. Place the plant in a bright spot with indirect sunlight and water when the top inch of soil is dry. During the growing season, fertilize with a balanced liquid fertilizer every two weeks. To help prevent pests and diseases, keep the leaves free of dust and provide adequate air circulation. Pruning can also help encourage healthy growth. Lastly, make sure to repot the plant every two to three years to ensure it has enough room to grow.

With the right amount of care and attention, a Ficus lyrata can bring a touch of nature to any home.

Troubleshooting Common Problems with the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig

When it comes to houseplants, the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is one of the most popular. This beautiful plant has large, glossy leaves that can bring a touch of the outdoors into any room. However, like any other plant, it can experience problems. Here are some of the most common problems with the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig and how to troubleshoot them.

The first issue is browning or yellowing leaves. This can happen if the plant isn't getting enough water or if the soil is too dry. To fix this, make sure you're watering your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig regularly and check the soil to ensure it's moist. If the soil is dry, give the plant a good watering and check the soil again in a few days.

Another common problem is leaf drop. This can be caused by too much water, too little water, or too much fertilizer. To fix this, make sure you're watering your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig correctly and not over-fertilizing it. If the leaves are still dropping, try moving the plant to a different spot in your home where it will get more light.

Finally, if your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig isn't growing as quickly as you'd like, try giving it more light or fertilizer. Make sure the plant is getting enough light by placing it near a window, and fertilize it every few weeks to give it a boost. With the right care, your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig will thrive and be a beautiful addition to your home.

In conclusion, planting, pruning, growing and caring for a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is a rewarding process that can bring joy and beauty to any home. With the right location, soil preparation, and care, you can have a flourishing Fiddle-leaf Fig in no time. The key is to assess the environment, identify the right time to plant, provide the necessary nutrition, prune and fertilize, and water properly. If you experience any common problems, troubleshooting can help you keep your Ficus lyrata healthy and thriving. With the tips and information provided in this guide, you can confidently embark on the journey of growing and caring for a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig. So, get out there and start planting!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What is the best location for a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig?

A1: Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig prefer bright, indirect sunlight and should be placed in a spot where they can get at least 6 hours of light a day. Avoid direct sunlight, as this can cause the leaves to burn. It is also important to keep the plant away from any drafts, such as those from air conditioning or heating units.

Q2: What type of soil is best for planting a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig?

A2: When planting a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig, it is best to use a soil that is well-draining and nutrient-rich. A good soil mix for this type of plant is one part potting soil, one part peat moss, and one part perlite or vermiculite.

Q3: When is the best time to plant a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig?

A3: The best time to plant a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig is in late spring or early summer when the soil is warm and the days are sunny. It is important to wait until the last frost has passed and the temperature outside is consistently above 50°F.

Q4: What are the primary steps involved in planting a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig?

A4: The primary steps involved in planting a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig include:
  • 1. Selecting a pot that is at least one size larger than the root ball of the plant.
  • 2. Adding a layer of gravel at the bottom of the pot for drainage.
  • 3. Adding the soil mix to the pot.
  • 4. Carefully removing the Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig from its original pot and gently loosening the root ball.
  • 5. Placing the plant in the pot and filling in around it with soil.
  • 6. Tamping down the soil around the plant.
  • 7. Watering the plant thoroughly.

Q5: What nutritional requirements does a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig need?

A5: Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig require a balanced fertilizer that is high in nitrogen and potassium. During the growing season, fertilize every two weeks. In the winter, you can reduce this to once a month. It is important to avoid over-fertilizing the plant, as this can cause leaf burn or discoloration. Additionally, it is important to keep the soil moist but not soggy; too much water can lead to root rot.

Q6: What type of pruning is necessary for a Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig?

A6: Pruning is important for the health and well-being of your Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig. To encourage healthy growth, remove any dead or damaged foliage and trim any branches that are growing too tall. Do not prune more than one-third of the plant at a time, and avoid cutting off any healthy growth. Additionally, it is important to use sharp pruning tools in order to avoid damaging the plant's delicate branches.

Q7: How often should I repot my Ficus lyrata - Fiddle-leaf Fig?

Ficus lyrata, or the Fiddle-leaf Fig, typically benefits from being repotted every 1-2 years, ideally during the spring which is its active growing season. However, this can depend on several factors such as the plant's size, age, and overall health. Young, fast-growing Fiddle-leaf Figs may need to be repotted annually. Older, more mature plants that have slowed in growth can go for 2-3 years between repottings. It's also important to look for signs that your plant may need repotting outside of this schedule. These signs include roots growing out of the drainage holes, water running straight through the pot indicating the plant is root-bound, or the plant becoming top-heavy and tipping over. When repotting, choose a pot that is only a few inches larger than the current one, as a pot that's too large can lead to overwatering issues. Always use fresh, well-draining potting soil when you repot to replenish nutrients.


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